Bullying Prevention & Intervention Programs
What We Do:
- Educate Students and Parents
- Assist with Prevention/Intervention
- Provide Staff Training
- Collaborate with Partnerships
- Provide Resources
If you or your child need assistance, please immediately contact the Department of Culture, Climate, and Student Services at (804) 780-6070.
Bullying Prevention Intervention
The Bully Prevention State law (Code of Virginia § 22.1-208.01 Character education required.) requires local school boards to establish character education programs that include addressing the inappropriateness of bullying. The Code of Virginia § 22.1-276.01 defines bullying as: any aggressive and unwanted behavior that is intended to harm, intimidate, or humiliate the victim; involves a real or perceived power imbalance between the aggressor or aggressors and victim, and is repeated over time or causes severe emotional trauma. "Bullying" includes cyberbullying. "Bullying" does not include ordinary teasing, horseplay, argument, or peer conflict.
Bullying may also occur through the use of electronic means and is referred to as cyberbullying. Typically, cyberbullying is defined as using information and communication technologies, such as cell phone text messages and pictures and internet e-mail, social networking websites, defamatory personal websites, and defamatory online personal polling websites, to support deliberate, hostile, behavior intended to harm others.
In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:
- An Imbalance of Power: Kids who bully use their power—such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity—to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different situations, even if they involve the same people.
- Repetition: Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.
Types of Bullying
There are three types of bullying:
- Verbal bullying is saying or writing mean things. Verbal bullying includes: Teasing; Name-calling; Inappropriate sexual comments; Taunting and Threatening to cause harm
- Social bullying, sometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone’s reputation or relationships. Social bullying includes: Leaving someone out on purpose; Telling other children not to be friends with someone; Spreading rumors about someone; Embarrassing someone in public;
- Physical bullying involves hurting a person’s body or possessions. Physical bullying includes: Hitting/kicking/pinching; Spitting; Tripping/pushing; Taking or breaking someone’s things; Making mean or rude hand gestures
Where and When Bullying Happens?
Bullying can occur during or after school hours. While most reported bullying happens in the school building, a significant percentage also happens in places like on the playground or the bus. It can also happen traveling to or from school, in the youth's neighborhood, or on the Internet.
Know What to Look For: Warning Signs a Child is Being Bullied
- Unexplainable injuries
- Lost or destroyed belongings
- Frequent headaches, stomach aches, feeling sick or faking illness
- Change in eating habits
- Difficulty sleeping or frequent nightmares
- Declining grades or loss of interest in school
- Skipping school
- Sudden loss of friends or avoidance of social situations
- Feelings of helplessness or decreased self-esteem
- Self-destructive behaviors such as running away from home or talking about suicide
Richmond Public Schools Bullying Prevention/Intervention Programs Violence Prevention Initiative Program Model
Youth Violence refers to harmful behaviors that start early and continue through young adults. Youth violence includes various behaviors such as bullying, substance abuse, gang activity, rumors, gossip, vandalism, and physical harm. The ultimate goal is to stop youth violence before it starts. The following program is a best practice model to deter violence in our schools, neighborhoods, and communities:
- School-Wide Messaging: Building Level response to violence:
- Daily announcements
- Bullyproof your building (anti-bullying messages)
- Violence Prevention/Bullying Pledge
- Anti-Bullying Rules
- Staff Training (FACE Violence Prevention)
- Building level intervention
- Parent Messaging: Parent Academy Training and Awareness:
- Violence Prevention
- Life Skills
- Making good choices
- RRHA, PTA, Back to School Night, etc
- Parent Notification: Inform parents of school strategies
- Substance Abuse and Gang Awareness
- Violence Prevention Classroom Messaging:
Teachers will provide tips and techniques to deter violence
- Bullyproof classrooms
- Students will write about how violence impacts others
- Teacher and staff will introduce the roles students in play in violence
- Bullying pledge and bullying rules
- FACE staff facilitates violence prevention classes (bullying)
- Community Messaging: Violence Prevention Pledge and Bullying Rules:
- After School Programs
- Recreation and Park
- Richmond Redevelopment Housing Authority
- Community Stores
- RBHA, CIS, RPD, and Courts
- FACE training - Attendance/ Violence Prevention
- Family and Individual Message:
- Violence Prevention Response Model (FACE Intervention)
- Problem Solving Model
- Physiological Effects of Anger
- Family Engagement
- Outside Referrals
Olweus Bullying Program
- multi-level, multi-component school-based program designed to prevent or reduce bullying in elementary and secondary schools
- focus on school climate with total involvement of school staff
- highly successful whole school model
- To send a clear message to students, staff, parents, and the community that bullying will not be allowed in the schools.
- To equip school personnel with the knowledge, skills, and strategies to prevent and stop bullying.
Responding in Peaceful and Positive Ways (RIPP)
The program was designed to provide conflict-resolution strategies and skills to sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students in middle and junior high schools. The goals of RIPP are to reduce aggressive behavior and violence in school-aged youth, and to intervene with young children to help them avoid potential violence in adolescence. The program is suitable for children from all socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and cultural backgrounds.
RIPP is a school-based violence-prevention program. The program combines a classroom curriculum of social/cognitive problem-solving with real-life, skill-building opportunities, such as peer mediation. Students learn to apply critical thinking skills and personal management strategies to personal health and well-being issues. RIPP teaches key concepts, such as:
- The importance of significant friends or adult mentors
- The relationship between self-image and gang-related behaviors
- The effects of environmental influences on personal health
Using a variety of lessons and activities, students learn about the physical and mental development that occurs during adolescence, analyze the consequences of personal choices on health and well-being, learn that they have nonviolent options when conflicts arise and evaluate the benefits of being a positive family and community role model.
Get Real About Violence
K-12 anti-violence curriculum designed for participation by the entire school community. Targets a wide range of violent behavior: bullying, teasing, spreading rumors among younger children and threats and assaults in later years. Students are taught to identify alternative attitudes and behaviors in response to cues, prevent or avoid violent situations, and resolve conflicts peacefully. Lessons can be integrated into core curriculum areas. Includes a parental component. At the website search for "Get Real About Violence".
Additional Intervention and Prevention Training for Students, Parents and Staff
- Gang Awareness and Violence Prevention Program
- Non-violent Crisis Intervention
- ARISE: Life-skills Training